“The process of learning, which is centered on learner need, is seen as more important that content, therefore, when educators are involved in the learning process, their most important role is to act as facilitators or guides” (Merriam etal 2007, p 284).
Objective: What have you learned from reflecting on this particular quote?
While reading the above quote, I was drawn to the fact that the Instructor is required to be a facilitator when using this model of teaching in the classroom. With this learning process, emphasis is on the Instructor to be a facilitator and role model, not just focusing on the delivering of content. It falls within the humanistic learning theory and focuses on learning by observing others, and is self-directed, and requires ongoing self evaluation. According to Knowles self-directed learning can be individual or with assistance from others.Successful students are actively involved in their own learning, monitor their thinking, thinks about their learning, and assumes responsibility for their own learning (Lambert & McCombs, 2000)
Reflective: What did you realize about teaching as a result of this quote?
If the Instructor effectively models this behavior it will ensure that the student’s learning needs are being met. They must offer a trusting environment, where the learner feels safe and motivated. If this is not provided the student may not seek clarification, engage in class discussions or request extra support when required. The Instructor must be reflective and engage in self evaluation to ensure the learner’s needs are being met. Any person with preparation can stand in front of a class and deliver content, however not everyone has the ability to facilitate or guide students to reach their learning goals. The learner must have a desire to learn, accept responsibility for their own learning, have a learning plan or goal, ask and accept assistance when required, and engage in self evaluation. They will require Instructor support and guidance in order to achieve their learning goals. In my role as a nursing educator I will provide rationales for nursing interventions (actions) and provide practice stories that relate to the topic of discussion.
Interpretive: What was your “Aha!” moment when you read this quote? In what way(s) did this quote change your mind about being an adult educator? What was one key insight that you now have as a result of this quote?
What made me chose this quote was the fact that the learner has to be autonomous, acquire problem solving skills, have the ability to seek out resources when required and engage in life long learning. These are essential components in nursing practice to ensure best practice for your clients. The valuable characteristic that I have learned from this quote is that both the learner and facilitator have to engage in ongoing self evaluation. This will ensure that the facilitator is meeting the learner’s needs and that the learner is meeting the outcomes of the course.
Decisional: How has this quote and the insight that you have gained from reflecting upon it, influenced your notion of teaching or how you will teach in the future?
The insight I have gained from reflecting on this quote is that I need to be a facilitator, role model, and mentor to assist the learner to achieve their desired educational goals. As educators we are aware that each student learns differently and we have a obligation to guide them to reach their educational goals. This is done in a variety of methods, such as facilitating class discussions, group activities, offering the learner choices, break out group activities, and assignments. In using this model, I will be required to take constructive feedback on my instructional methods, and engage in ongoing self reflection (Humanist Theory of Learning, Retrieved from the World Wide Web). This will assist me to evaluate if I am delivering the material in a way that meets all the students’ needs. Currently at the end of each class I ask my group of students for feedback on how they felt about the class today? I inform that that I am approachable to altering my delivery method to suit their learning needs. I provide them an opportunity to meet with me privately to discuss their learning needs and progress. After each evaluation (quiz or examination) that the students write I critically reflect upon the results to ensure that I am meeting all the students learning needs.
Merriam, S.B., Caffarella, R. S., & Baumgartner, L.M. (2007), Learning in Adulthood a Comprehensive Guide (3rd Edition)
Humanistic Theory of Learning, Retrieved on January 1, 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.iup.edu/WorkArea/linkit.aspxLinkIdentifier=id&ItemID=18335
Phyllis Blumberg, Ph.D, Learner Centered Teaching, Retrieved on January 4, 2012 from the World Wide Web: http://www.usciences.ed/teaching/Learner-Centered/
Atherton J S (2011) Learning and Teaching; Humanistic approaches to learning [On-line: UK] retrieved 5 January 2013 from the World Wide Web: http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/humanist.htm